Richard Nixon was the 37th president of the United States. He is well known for the escalation of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal. He is the only US president to have resigned his office.
Asked in Relationships, Richard Nixon
Why did Richard Nixon resign the office of president?
Asked in US Supreme Court, Richard Nixon, US Government
What was the Supreme Court case US v Nixon about?
United States v. Nixon, (1974) involved the disposition of taped conversations between President Nixon and various members of the White House staff regarding the Watergate scandal, the administration's criminal conspiracy to obstruct an investigation of the break-in at Democratic campaign headquarters in the Watergate complex, in Washington, D.C. Background On June 17, 1972, five members of the Nixon re-election campaign broke into the Democratic campaign headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., to steal important files relevant to the upcoming election. When the crime was discovered, President Nixon promised the Senate Judiciary Committee that he would appoint Archibald Cox as independent counsel to investigate the break-in. In the course of the investigation, Cox subpoenaed Nixon for copies of eight tapes containing conversations recorded in the Oval Office. The President refused to comply with the subpoena, claiming executive privilege gave him immunity from releasing sensitive information. He instead offered a compromise in which he would allow Senator John Stennis (D-MS), a respected member of Congress, to review the tapes and summarize their content for the prosecutor. Nixon claimed he didn't want the tapes or transcripts on the public record because he had used foul language and uttered racial slurs during the conversations. The President's resistance implicated him as being involved in the cover-up of the Watergate break-in, making him part of a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice. When Cox refused the compromise, Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox. When the men refused to comply with the Executive order, they were forced to resign their positions. The removal of Cox, Richardson and Ruckelshaus later became known as the "Saturday Night Massacre." Due to strong public pressure, Nixon was forced to appoint a new prosecutor to the investigation, Leon Jaworski. Jaworski went to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia and obtained a subpeona from Judge John Sirica ordering Nixon to release tapes and documents associated with the Watergate investigation. Nixon responded by returning 43 edited and typed transcripts of the White House telephone conversations, only 20 of which were among those requested in the court order. Nixon's counsel then filed a motion in District Court requesting Sirica quash the subpoena. Sirica denied the motion and ordered the President to provide Jaworski with the required material by May 31, 1974. Supreme Court Ruling Both parties appealed directly to the Supreme Court. Nixon's attorney argued the matter was outside the Court's jurisdiction because it involved incidents occurring exclusively within the Executive branch. He also claimed Nixon had absolute executive privilege to protect the content of the tapes. Chief Justice Warren Burger delivered the unanimous (8-0; Justice Rehnquist recused himself for conflict of interest) opinion of the Court proclaiming the judiciary did, indeed, have jurisdiction over the matter, and that Jaworski had proven a "sufficient likelihood that each of the tapes contains conversations relevant to the offenses charged in the indictment." The Court further rejected the claim of unqualified executive privilege, and implied Nixon could be found in contempt by refusing to produce the evidence. Nixon's rights under this criminal investigation were no greater than that of any other person. The Court also remarked that only the Attorney General had the authority to revoke the Special Prosecutor's commission but, because they refused to do so, the Executive branch was bound by the prosecutor's request, and the other two branches of government were bound to enforce it. Nixon reluctantly complied with the ruling. Under threat of impeachment and probable prosecution in the Senate, which would remove him from office, Nixon chose to resign in August 1974. This case further established the power of the Supreme Court to act as a check on the Executive branch of government. Additional Notes Nixon had appointed four Supreme Court Justices, three of whom participated in the unanimous vote to affirm the District Court's decision: Chief Justice Burger and Justices Blackmun, Powell and Rehnquist (who recused himself). Ironically, Nixon chose these four individuals because of their hard-line conservative stance on issues. The Nixon administration engaged in more legal confrontation over the extent of Executive power than any other administration. Other cases against Nixon's orders and policies included: United States v. U.S. District Court, 407 US 297 (1972) The Court upheld the Fourth Amendment in limiting the government's ability to conduct surveillance on people labeled domestic terrorists. This particular case dealt with wire-tapping the phones of three people conspiring to destroy government property. The ruling established the precedent that law enforcement must obtain a warrant to engage in electronic surveillance. Train v. City of New York, 420 US 35 (1975) The Court held that President Nixon had exceeded his authority by refusing to distribute 18 billion dollars in state aid Congress allocated under the Water Pollution Control Act. New York Times v. United States, 403 US 713 (1971) In a Per Curiam decision, the Supreme Court upheld the District and Circuit courts' ruling that Nixon did not have executive authority to exercise prior restraint against The New York Times and The Washington Post to prevent them from publishing parts of a Department of Defense report colloquially known as the "Pentagon Papers." Case Citation: United States v. Nixon, 418 US 683 (1974) To read the Court's opinion on United States v. Nixon or listen to copies of the original Watergate audio tapes, see Related Links, below.
What former US presidents are still alive?
As of February, 2012. there are four US ex-Presidents still alive. These are, in order of Presidency: Jimmy Carter (born October 1, 1924 ) , lives in Atlanta. GA George H. W. Bush (born June 12, 1924), lives in Houston, TX Bill Clinton (born August 19, 1946 ) , lives in New York City George W. Bush (born July 6, 1946 ), lives near Crawford, Texas. The most recent presidents to die were Ford in December 2006, Reagan in June 2004/
What US President resigned from office?
Asked in Name Origins, Richard Nixon, Nicknames
Why is Dick a nickname for Richard?
a man named richard from the 40s or 50s nick named dick because he was a Detective named Richard aka DICK RICK The name Richard is very old and it's true origins may well be lost in the depths of time past. 'Richeard' is a name from Old English where 'Ric' meant ruler and 'heard' meant hard. In those days of yore, before word-processors, everything was written down and abbreviations became common and agreed upon. Also in the 13th century rhyming slang became popular so Richard becomes Rich and eventually Rick which rhymes with Dick. Much like William - Will - Bill. 'Dick' eventually, like 'Jack', came to mean all men as in "every Tom, Dick, or Harry". Shakespeare uses "every Tom, Dick, or Francis" in Henry IV Part I.
Asked in Vietnam War, US Presidents, Richard Nixon
What was the major change in the US policies towards China during the Nixon administration?
Since China was dirt poor in the 70s so Nixon made an agreement with China. If US troops withdraw from Vietnam war, China will not support the USSR. Thus American troops withdraw from Vietnam, causing the communist in Vietnam achieve victory. But in 15 years later without China's help, the USSR collapse. That's why you see China was never in the Warsaw Pact.
Asked in US Presidents, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
Did congress have power of approval over president Nixon's designation of Gerald Ford as his successor?
Asked in US Presidents, Richard Nixon
Who was Richard Nixon's runningmate in 1968?
Spiro Agnew, the Governor of Maryland. Agnew had been successful in a very left-wing state and represented the East Coast elite that Nixon always felt excluded from. He had Greek parents. Agnew and Nixon initially got on well, but became increasingly estranged. Nixon decided to keep Agnew when he ran for reelection in 1972, but Agnew soon resigned over a corruption scandal (not related to Watergate).
How many presidents have been impeached, and who were they?
Three. The first was Andrew Johnson, then Bill Clinton, and most recently (as of Dec. 18, 2019), Donald Trump. To impeach a president, the House of Representatives must pass articles of impeachment (which are the set of charges against a president) by a simple majority, which is why Richard Nixon isn’t on this list—he resigned before articles of impeachment could be voted on. From there, the president is tried by the Senate. A removal from office requires a two-thirds majority vote.
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How did President Nixon show he was ready to deal with China?
Asked in Baseball Memorabilia, Richard Nixon
What is Richard Nixon signature worth on baseball?
Asked in Richard Nixon, US Presidents
Who was Richard Nixon?
Richard Nixon (January 9, 1913 - April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, in office from 1969 to 1974. He served as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961, the only person to be elected twice to both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency. A member of the Republican Party, he was the only President to resign from office because he was involved in a conspiracy to cover-up illegal espionage and sabotage of Democratic Presidential candidate George McGovern's campaign in 1972. He reestablished diplomatic relations with China.
Who was the only US president to resign from office?
Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President of the United States, is the first and only president to resign the office. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, facing almost certain impeachment and likely conviction. His resignation was the culmination of the so-called "Watergate scandal". While Nixon was pardoned, many of his subordinates were tried, convicted, and imprisoned for their illegal actions.
Asked in History of China, US Presidents, Richard Nixon
Why did Richard Nixon want to have a better relation with China?
Asked in Richard Nixon
Why didn't Nixon go to prison?
President Nixon resigned from office and was pardoned by incoming President Gerald Ford, who was Nixon's Vice President. This sweeping action set aside any efforts to bring Richard Nixon to trial and to convict him. Gerald Ford succeeded Richard Nixon. He was selected as Vice-President after Spiro Agnew resigned.
How much longer did the Vietnam war last after the US pulled their troops out?
3 years, from 1972 ( US troops left VN ) to 1975 ( government of SVN fail to NVN ) The Paris Peace Accords were signed January 27, 1973, by the U.S., North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the Viet Cong. Under the terms, the U.S. agreed to withdraw all remaining military personnel within 60 days. Saigon (capital of South Vietnam) fell to communist forces on April 30, 1975.